Frances Arnold’s research focuses on protein engineering by
directed evolution, with applications in alternative energy, chemicals, and
medicine. Arnold pioneered the directed evolution of proteins, mimicking
Darwinian evolution in the laboratory to create new biological molecules. Her
laboratory developed methods that are used widely in industry and basic science
to engineer proteins with new and useful properties.
Her recent honors include
the Sackler Prize in Convergence Research (2017), the Millennium Technology
Prize (2016), and the US National Medal of Technology and Innovation (2013).
She is member of all three US National Academies (Engineering, Science, and